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Benefits we Gain from Stem Cell Research

Stem cells play an important role in regenerative medicine. This is due to their critical role in the treatment of many complex diseases and injuries. You shall see so much promise in stem cell research, and even more controversy the subject can raise.
Stem cells are unique dells in the human body capable of changing into different types of cells, such as muscle cells, organ cells, as well as brain cells. You will hear of two types of stem cells; embryonic stem cells, and adult stem cells. The embryonic stem cells come from unused human embryos, and are mostly used for research. Such embryos are gotten by the in vitro fertilization process. They have the ability to become many different types of cells. Adult stem cells are more limited in transformation, and thus can only become one of two types. They are gotten from fully developed tissue, sources being the bone marrow, skin, and brain.
Since stem cells can become other cells, stem cell therapy focuses on using these cells to replace dysfunctional or damaged cells in tissues and organs. Here are cases that show what potential stem cell therapy holds.
Cornea repair is possible for those whose corneas got damaged in an injury. There shall be harvesting of stem cells in the limbus, that area of the eye between the iris and sclera. They shall then undergo multiplication in the lab. After they reach a good number, they can be transplanted back onto the damaged eye, thus restoring the patient’s sight.
Skin replacement after a life-threatening burn is now possible. Skin stem cells shall be applied in the development of new skin, which will, in turn, be used to cover those areas that had lost skin in the burn. There is even research going on to find ways to make the new skin to come with hair, sweat glands, and oil glands.
Stem cells have also proven beneficial in eliminating the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. When the brain cells or neurons of the dopamine-producing region of the brain degenerate, patients suffer tremors, slow movement, rigidity of the limbs, balance and gait issues, alterations in their speech and writing. When stem-cell regeneration happens, you will get new dopamine-inducing neurons to cover up the damaged ones.
Chemotherapy is used to treat cancer, but it leaves in its wake the destruction of your stem cells. Once it is over, stem cells have to be reintroduced into your body. They shall be placed in the bone marrow, to grow and become healthy blood cells.
You shall see more places where stem cell therapy is needed, like in treating the effects of heart conditions like heart attacks. These examples point out the need to support stem cell research. You may learn more about the matter on this site.

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